Human Trafficking

The illegal movement of people, typically for the purposes of forced labour or commercial sexual exploitation.

Forced labour icon red

24.9 million people in forced labour, sexual exploitation and domestic servitude worldwide

$150 billion made each year from forced labour, that’s over $4,750 a second

We have rescued hundreds of people, including babies younger than one year old and adults up to the age of 63


“Human trafficking is one of the most serious criminal actions. It’s organized crime and at its roots is profit from human misery. Our response is a strategic one – focus on excellence, professionalism and outcomes to help victims find healing, hope and justice.

Now is the time for all of us to act and end suffering.”

Neil Wain
International Programme Director

What is human trafficking?

A crime with three elements

The Act: WHAT is done

e.g. Recruitment, transfer, transportation, harbouring or receipt of persons.
NOTE: Where a victim is a child, only ACT and PURPOSE are required.

The Means: HOW it is done

e.g. threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or position of vulnerability, giving or receiving of payments or benefits used to control a person.

The Purpose: WHY it is done

e.g. to exploit a person through prostitution, other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery, servitude or removal of organs from a person.

Types of exploitation


Sexual Exploitation

A person who is trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation may be controlled by violence, threats, substance abuse, deception or grooming.

Forced Labor

Forced labor is work done involuntarily under the threat of a penalty such as violence or harm to the victim’s family and often unable to leave.

Domestic Servitude

A person who is forced to provide services with the obligation to live on/in a property without the possibility of changing those circumstances.

Organ Harvesting

A person who is trafficked and specifically chosen for the harvesting of organs or tissues, such as kidneys, liver etc. without consent, to be sold.


Find out more about the types of trafficking and forms of exploitation most commonly encountered by Hope for Justice and see profiles of the situation in the US, the UK, Norway.



“You can call me Emma,
No one has called me Emma since this all began.”